Canada Immigration Invitation to Express Entry Programme
Credit: Worldwide Transcripts
Written by: Abhishek Chatterjee
Reviewed by: Vakila Khan

Canada Immigration: Invitation to Express Entry Programme

Canada is a multicultural nation renowned for its captivating landscapes, thriving culture, and friendly people. In recent years, immigrants seeking to start a new life in a safe and secure nation have increasingly chosen Canada as their destination. Canada’s immigration policy is intended to entice qualified workers, business owners, and investors who can support the development and growth of the nation on all fronts. The organisation in charge of overseeing the nation’s immigration system is called Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), and one of its signature programmes is the Express Entry programme.

What is the Express Entry Programme in Canada Immigration process?

The Express Entry programme(1) is an online system for handling skilled worker immigration applications to Canada. The system assigns points to applicants based on their skills, education, work history, language ability, and other characteristics that are essential to their immigration requirements in Canada. An Invitation to Apply (ITA) for Canadian permanent residency is given to applicants who receive a sufficient score.

A quick and easy way to become a Canadian citizen is through the Express Entry programme. Since its introduction in 2015, the programme has grown to be the most popular immigration route for skilled workers seeking to immigrate to Canada. One of the fastest immigration programmes in the world, the programme aims to process applications in six months or less.

Categories of the Express Entry Programme

Federal Skilled Worker Programme (FSWP):

The FSWP is intended for highly qualified or skilled workers who acquire the necessary training, education, language proficiency, and work experience required for success in Canada. To qualify for the FSWP, applicants must fulfil the eligibility requirements and receive at least 67 out of a possible 100 points. The points are given based on factors such as age, education, work experience, language skills, and adaptability.

Federal Skilled Trades Programme (FSTP):

FSTP is designed for skilled workers who are qualified in a specific line of service, trade or occupation. To qualify an applicant must have Qualification Certificate in a skilled occupation service or trade and meet the language and work experience requirements.

Canadian Experience Class (CEC):

CEC  programme is designed for skilled workers with prior work experience in Canada. To be eligible for the CEC, applicants must have at least one year of professional work experience in Canada and satisfy the language and other eligibility requirements.

It should be noted that while Express Entry is integrated into a portion of the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) (2), applicants must still qualify for one of the three federal programmes to be considered for the Express Entry pool.

How to Apply for the Express Entry Programme?

To apply for permanent residence through the Express Entry program , You must set up an Express Entry profile. On the website of the Canadian government, you can register to do this. Your profile will be kept in a pool of applicants who are qualified to receive an invitation to apply once you’ve created one (ITA). The following step is to submit your application online when prompted by (IRCC) Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada after meeting the minimal requirements for each eligibility factor. Age, educational background, language proficiency (English, French), work experience (in Canada or other countries), and adaptability make up the selection criteria for the Canadian Express Entry programme.

To apply for the Express Entry programme, applicants must follow these steps:

Eligibility: An online assessment must be taken by applicants to determine their programme eligibility. Their eligibility will be evaluated in accordance with the demands of the three express entry categories.

Profile creation: Candidates who meet the program’s requirements must set up an Express Entry profile. Their skills, education, language abilities, work experience, and other details will all be listed in their profile, which will be further used to assess their application.

Invitation to Apply (ITA): An ITA will be given to applicants with a sufficient higher score. They will be formally issued an ITA to apply for Canadian permanent residence.

Permanent Residency application: Applicants who receive an ITA must submit a complete application for permanent residency within 90 days of issuance of the ITA.

Confirmation of Permanent Residency: Applicants who fulfil all the requirements will receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residency (COPR) and now they formally are permanent residents of Canada.

Have you obtained an Invitation to Apply (ITA)?

If you have received an Invitation to Apply, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Must be eligible for one of the Express Entry immigration programs
    • Federal Skilled Workers Programme (FSWP).
    • Federal Skilled Traders Programme (FSTP).
    • Canadian Express Class (CEC)
    • Provincial Nominee Programme (PNP).
  • Documentation required to apply for Invitation to Apply (ITA)
    • Valid passport
    • Birth certificate
    • Language test result
    • Work experience documentation
    • Police clearance certificate (PCC)
    • Photographs of the main applicant and the family members
  • Must have a valid medical certificate issued within the last 12 months if not exempted from the same.
  • If required documents may be translated into English or French.
  • Must produce proof of funds for yourself and dependents,If applicable: The amount required depends on the number of family members they have.Table showing minimum amount required to Immigrate to Canada as of 09–06-2022.

    Number of family members

    Funds required
    (in Canadian dollars)
    1 $13,310
    2 $16,570
    3 $20,371
    4 $24,733
    5 $28,052
    6 $31,638
    7 $35,224
    For each additional family member $3,586

    The funds must be readily available to you preferably in your bank account. Real estate and equity cant be used as proof of funds for any Canada immigration process. Visit the Govt. of Canada Immigration website for any updates related to proof of funds and Canada immigration process.

Advantages of the Express Entry Programme

For skilled workers hoping to immigrate to Canada for better prospects, the Express Entry programme of the Canada immigration Process offers several benefits:

Fast process: One of the quickest immigration programmes is the Express Entry programme, which aims to process applications in six months or less. As a result, applicants can begin their new life in Canada more quickly after receiving a decision on their application.

Comprehensive Ranking System: The Express Entry programme ranks applicants based on a variety of criteria, including age, education, work experience, language proficiency, and adaptability, using a comprehensive ranking system (CRS). This makes sure that only the best candidates are chosen for Canadian permanent residency.

Higher selection probability: Candidates can create a profile through the Express Entry programme that is viewable by provincial governments and employers. This raises the likelihood that they will be chosen for a job offer or a provincial nomination, both of which can significantly raise their CRS score and raise their chances of being chosen for permanent residency.

Job opportunities: The Express Entry programme aims to entice qualified workers with the knowledge and experience that are in high demand in Canada. This indicates that candidates who are granted permanent residency are more likely to find employment opportunities in their field, which may result in a higher standard of living and more lucrative pay.

Access to government services: Permanent residents of Canada have access to a variety of government services, such as social, healthcare, and educational programmes. This can aid immigrants in adjusting to life in Canada and integrating into society there.

Citizenship Eligibility: After settling in Canada for a specific amount of time, permanent residents are qualified to apply for citizenship. Many advantages come with being a citizen of Canada, including the right to vote in Canadian elections and the use of a Canadian passport for travel.

Express Entry Draws

The Express Entry system uses a draw to select candidates for immigration to Canada. The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) ranks all the Express Entry profiles against one another and assigns each candidate a CRS score out of 1200  points.

Canadian government ideally conducts an Express Entry draw once every two weeks. Each draw has a CRS cut-off score and receives an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence. A candidate has a maximum of 60 days to apply or submit an application for Permanent Residency (eAPR) after he is issued with an Invitation To Apply.

IRCC publishes the Express Entry pool composition before each draw. Below mentioned are CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool.*

CRS Score Range Number of Candidates
601-1200 606
501-600 2,129
451-500 65,187
491-500 1,756
481-490 12,126
471-480 20,813
461-470 17,042
451-460 13,450
401-450 61,086
441-450 12,679
431-440 13,300
421-430 10,680
411-420 11,785
401-410 12,642
351-400 71,529
301-350 37,131
0-300 5,706
TOTAL 243,374

*Data as of March 2023

Result of Latest Express Entry Latest Draw

Mentioned below are the results of Express Entry Latest draws.

Draw Date Number of ITAs CRS Cut Off
243 March 15, 2023 7,000 490
242 March 01, 2023 667- PNP Only Draw 748
241 February 15, 2023 699- PNP Only Draw 791
240 February 02, 2023 3,300- FSW Only Draw 489
239 February 01, 2023 893- PNP Only Draw 733

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Factors Affecting Draws

The number of invitations issued each round depends on how many candidates have applied during the preceding period and other factors such as labour market needs and provincial nominations from provinces/territories with targets set by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

There are two types of draws.

  • Standard: Invites those who meet minimum criteria based on their CRS score.
  • Accelerated: Invites those who meet minimum criteria based on their CRS score plus additional points under one or more categories


Express Entry is a Canadian immigration program that allows candidates to apply for permanent residence in Canada. Express Entry was launched in January 2015, it replaced the old CRS points system. It also includes an Expression of Interest (EOI) system that allows you to submit your profile online and receive an invitation to apply for permanent residence if your profile meets all the requirements.

The Express Entry system aims to help Canada attract skilled immigrants who will contribute to the economy and society. To qualify under the programme one must have:

  • At least one year of full-time work experience in Canada in the last five years before applying; or
  • Work experience outside Canada that is equivalent to one-year full-time work experience in Canada; or
  • Qualify for provincial or territorial requirements for nomination by an employer or provincial/territorial government.
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Who is eligible for Canada Express Entry Draw?

Applicants with University/College degrees, and skilled, experienced workers with language proficiency ideally in English or French are ideally eligible for Canada Express Entry.

How to get an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for Canada Express Entry?

To get an Invitation to Apply (ITA) you first need to have a qualifying CRS Score to meet the minimum cut-off threshold of Express Entry Draw.

How long do I have to wait to get an Invitation to Apply (ITA)?

Ideally to get an Invitation to Apply a candidate has to wait for around 6 months

What is the Validity of the Canada Express Entry result?

Canada Express entry results are valid for 2 years from the date of issue of the test result. Once expired the candidate had to be tested again.

Is it advised to move to Canada?

Canada is and will be the preferred destination for Indian immigrants. Migrating to Canada has its own set of benefits and long-term advantages which includes a better lifestyle, excellent living conditions, job options with lucrative salary options, better health services and social security.

What’s the Fastest route to Canada Immigration?

Express Entry is the fastest way to immigrate to Canada. As seen the candidates who apply through Canada Express Entry get permanent residency as early as six months.



  1. “Express Entry Programme” :
  2. “PNP” :